By Renee Fraser
For those of us still new to the world of irises, there is much vocabulary to master. The parts of the iris flower, the different species of irises, the parts of the plant itself, and of course, the specialized terms categorizing irises into color types. Here is a quick reference, with photographic examples, of some of the major color terms you will encounter while reading about your favorite flower.
The falls and the standards of a self are the same color. These irises really stand out in a garden setting and are wonderful companions to other plants.
|'Adriatic Waves' with Allium. Photo c. Brad Collins|
|'Beverly Sills' with Paludosum Daisies|
Plicatas have stippled, dotted or stitched edges on a white or yellow ground. I love the white ones with the pretty picotee edging the best. For more on plicatas, click here.
|'Spice Lord' Photo c. Margie Valenzuela|
Amoenas have colored falls and white standards. The most famous is probably, and justifiably, 'Wabash', pictured below. To see another post on amoenas, click here.
|'Wabash' Photo c. Mike Unser|
|'Dreaming of Rio' Photo c. Betty Jacobs|
An iris with red falls and yellow standards. My very favorite photo of this color, below, shows the cultivar 'Supreme Sultan' with its earliest progenitor, the original iris variegata. Can you believe what modern hybridizing has accomplished?
|'Supreme Sultan' compared to the original species variegata! Photo c. Chuck Chapman|
|'Decadence' at Schreiner's Iris Gardens. Photo c. Betty Jacobs|
|'Rogue Trader' Photo c. Betty Jacobs|
A blue or purple-blue bitone iris with lighter standards. Click here for more photos of neglectas.
|'World Premier' Photo c.TBGDN @All Things Plants|
|'Northwest Progress' with Julia Child rose|
An iris with no purple anthocyanin pigment. These irises often seem to glow. The colors remind me of that wonderful "polychrome" daylily color.
|'Glacier Blush' Photo c. Blue J Iris|
|'Snow Lion' Photo c. Jan Lauritzen|
|'If Not For You' Photo c. Stout Gardens at Dancingtree|
Another glowing iris type, the luminata, is an iris with a white or yellow base washed over with color so that it appears to glow from within. More luminatas can be found here.
|'Wise Woman' Photo c. Brad Collins|
This is an iris which has standards and falls of the same color, but the standards are a lighter shade than the falls.
|'Smoky Shadows' Photo c. Rick Tasco|
A bitone, REVERSED!
An iris of two colors.
|'Adoree' Photo c. Betty Jacobs|
|'Smoke and Thunder' Photo c. Brad Collins|
These flowers have splotches, blotches, and streaks in random patterns. For more broken color irises, click here.
A darker ring of color around the falls of the flower is referred to as the Emma Cook Pattern, which is named after this famous ground-breaking cultivar.
|'Conjuration' Photo c. Dan Holt|
|'Alsea' Photo c. Brad Collins|
|'Rare Coin' Photo c. Brad Collins|
Many new and exciting color combinations and patterns are emerging in the world of iris hybridizing, so many that it's hard to figure out if they fit into an existing category or if new ones should be created. I am partial to amoenas. Which is your favorite?